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Types of Air Conditioning Systems You Can Choose For Your Home
Choosing the right air conditioner for your home is not just a matter of your preference. Instead, it is based on several factors. Some of these factors include the size of your house or the size of the room where you want to install the air conditioning unit, and the amount of heat that is normally generated in that area. Your budget and the availability of air conditioning system also affect the outcome. Some types of air conditioning systems are explained below that can help you choose the perfect air conditioning system for your house.
Split Air-conditioning Systems
Split air conditioners come in separate units. The external unit is the condensing unit which contains the condensing fan, condensing coil, and the compressor. The internal unit is the evaporative unit which consists of the evaporator coil and expansion valve. The internal unit removes the heat and moisture from the room. The external unit releases the heat outside. The air conditioner is connected to the duct which circulates the cool air throughout the house using the blower. If you have a central furnace at home, then this type of A/C is an ideal and economical option. If your home does not have ducts, then go for the ductless split air conditioning system. This type of system combines the outdoor compressor and condenser with indoor air handling units. These units have blowers attached to them and can be mounted high on the wall. The tubing will connect the internal and external units, and the indoor unit will reduce the temperature of that room and offers a cooling effect.
Heat pumps are effective for both heating and cooling in mild climates. These units pump heat from the house during hot summers and release it outside. In winters, it extracts heat from outside and distributes it inside to warm the house. They may not be ideal for places where temperatures stay below freezing point for a long period. A geothermal heat pump is ideal for colder places where it draws heat from the ground rather than the air. But geothermal pumps are more expensive when compared to other air conditioning systems though you can get impressive long-term energy savings out of it.
Window Air-conditioning Systems
This is the most common type of air conditioning system used for cooling single rooms. With this system, a single unit contains the condenser, evaporator, compressor, expansion valve and cooling coil. This unit is usually mounted either on the wall of a room or in a window sill. This system blows out chill air on one end, i.e. inside the room and ejects heat on the other end i.e. outside. This system is comparatively less expensive than other systems. If you wish to experience the cooling in more than one room with the window air conditioner, then you have to install one in each chamber.
Packaged Central Air conditioning Systems
In this system, the evaporator, compressor and the condenser are combined in a single unit. The large compressor will be placed outside your home usually on the roof or a concrete slab near the foundation. The indoor coil will cool the air and distribute it throughout the house via ducts. You can also connect this system to your furnace to heat the house. The air conditioning system will use the furnace fan to distribute the heat to the ducts. The central air conditioning system is quite effective and is usually used in large buildings and bigger spaces. This system is ideal for you if you wish to cool more than 1 room in your house or a large area.