When designing your home, some of you might want it to do it on your own to add a personal touch. Not only that, it is cheaper since you don’t have to hire a licensed interior designer. However, there are principles that you need to know and follow because if you want your designs to be a random mess.
It may take you years to be a professional and licensed interior designer but the concepts we are going to present are basic. Keep in mind that even though these ideas are fundamental, they can give you a lot of options with your interior design!
What are the basic principles and fundamentals of interior designing?
Can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, and/or radial. Balance, as we all know, is the equal classification of the visual weight in a room. To design a room, balance it with objects that are heavy to look at or with multiple light objects that are visually equal. Objects that look bulky or large, bright, and/or complexly shaped.
Harmony and Unity
Means the common style and theme for your room or living space. To create harmony, use colors with varying shades, shapes, sizes, and textures. Also, you should use color schemes to unify a collection of spaces.
This fundamental involves 4 aspects; the progression, transition, repetition, and contrast. This basically comes from its meaning itself; in which rhythm is the visual interest through patterns of repetition and contrast.
Tips on how to create rhythm:
Progression- a creative way to create a progression in rhythm is a group of candles displayed in varying or increasing sizes.
Transition- having an arched doorway or a winding hallway/path that leads the eye is a unique trick for rhythm.
Repetition- using colors throughout the pillowcases, paintings and rugs can create a repetitive theme.
Contrast- You can also apply contrast with the use of pillows — may it be a throw pillow or a bedroom pillow. For example: having its cases colored black and white can create a contrast.
The main focus or the focal point that directly draws anyone’s attention means emphasis. A sample of locations in your house that can serve as focal points is the fireplace and the windows. You can also group unusual and large objects as well as furniture to create a great focal point — most especially if you focus on highlighting them.
Proportion and Scale
Talking about the ratio and the size of the elements you will use is something that’s important in interior designing and decorating. Through the smart use of proportion and scale, you can make your rooms look more spacious and neat. For example, you can use large furniture to occupy a large space of the room and make the area tighter in perspective. Of course, if you have a small room then you should use furniture that has small stature for better space management.
A paint color can also have a great impact in playing with proportion and scale. White paint can make your room look bigger while dark colors tend to absorb light and make an area look smaller.