Your roof is arguably the most important part of your home. It keeps you dry, warm, and out of the sun.
If it’s been over a year since you’ve given it much thought, you might be due for some routine maintenance. Think of it as an annual doctor’s checkup for your roof.
You can always contact a roofing service or check it out with some binoculars and your feet firmly planted on the ground if you’re reluctant to get up on a ladder yourself.
Image by Kelly Alpert
No matter how you decide to inspect, here is a comprehensive roof inspection checklist.
Check Your Shingles
First thing: check on your shingles. Be on the lookout for broken or missing shingles as well as shingles that are curling or look sun-damaged.
Missing or broken shingles can lead to leaks. Water damage is often more expensive to correct than a few missing shingles, so be proactive about fixing the issue.
Cold temperatures often cause curling shingles. They are often a sign that the surface is getting old, and it might be time for some serious replacements or repairs.
Check Your Flashing
If your roof has flashing around your chimney, skylight, or vents, you’ll need to check on this area as well.
Be on the lookout for rust or cracks. According to M&Y Pittsburgh Roofing, rust can compromise the structural integrity of your entire home and should be addressed promptly.
Missing caulk also spells trouble for your flashing. Caulk is used to sealing the roof in place, and when it’s missing, leaks are sure to follow.
Check Your Chimney
Make sure your chimney cap is not damaged, or worse, missing.
A missing chimney cap can lead to water damage, drafts, and even animals getting in through your chimney.
If you have a brick chimney, check for white chalky residue on the brick and mortar. Cracked or damaged brick absorbs water.
The water will expand and contract as temperatures change, leading to further damage to the brick. This can compromise the structural integrity of your chimney.
Check For Moss
Moss thrives in shady, damp environments. If your roof is partially covered by trees, it will be susceptible to moss.
Excessive moss and lichen could signal that your roof is decaying underneath the shingles. Moss and lichen can severely compromise the structural integrity of your roof. Contact a roofing company right away if you notice this issue.
Check Your Vents
One of the most common causes of leaks is an issue with roof vents or roof vent pipes. If the rubber boot is cracked, water can seep in through the crack between your roof and the pipe.
Make sure the collar of the pipe is not rusted or cracked. Check for loose nails as well, and make sure the metal bass has no broken seams.
Check For Sagging
If the ridge of your roof is sagging in the middle, it might indicate undersized rafters, too-thin sheathing, or issues with your internal bracing.
If you have a sagging roof, consult with a professional roofing contractor. The internal framework of your house will likely need bolstering. Your old sheathing may need to be taken off so larger rafters can be installed.
Annual roof inspections are important to avoid major issues down the line. Catching issues early will spare you from costly water damage repairs.
Be sure to contact a local roofing contractor for any issues or repairs. You’ll sleep better knowing that the roof over your head is secure, and there’s less pressure on you to do a thorough DIY job.